(click image to zoom-in)
|Miniatures, Gouache and ink, 23.7x13.7 cm|
|Origin: Iran, 1431-1431, Timurid Dynasty|
This is one of the ornamental compositions from the Hermitage's famous Persian manuscript of the Khamsa, an anthology of five poems by the 12th-century poet Nizami, who lived on the territory of present-day Azerbaijan. In 1431 this manuscript of the Khamsawas copied out in Herat by the calligrapher Mahmud for Sultan Shahrukh , son of the legendary Tamerlaine .
A later inscription across the top left corner of the sheet tells us that this manuscript was purchased in 1615 in the town of Hyderabad for Sultan Muhammad Kutb Shah, from the son of Muhammad Ali, a goldsmith, for 300 tumans. At top right are the black seals of different rulers to whom this manuscript book belonged over its 500-year history.
The Khamsa contains 38 miniatures and numerous ornamental compositions and inserts. This title page opens the book. In the centre of the large medallion, created in a fine pattern of blue, white and gold, is the title of the whole manuscript. This round medallion is known as a shams, or "sun" and there is one before each of the five poems, with the title of the poem written in farsi in the nasta'liq script. Nasta'liq became widespread in the late 14th century. The choice of script was particularly important and calligraphy occupied a high place in the hierarchy of art forms in the Muslim world, since it conveyed the Word of God in the Koran.
Each shams is a complete work of ornamental art in itself. Arab poets described such patterns as "music for the eyes". It was thought that their harmony, built up on a mathematical basis, reflected the perfection of the universe created by Allah.
|Album: The Khamsa by Nizami|
|Source of entry: First Branch of the State Hermitage Museum, 1924|
34: Applied Decoration for Historic Interiors ...
Generally adhered to wood, historic composition ornament is most often ... With proper understanding of the material, historic composition ornament may be ...
EBSCOhost Connection: The Rudiments of Ornamental Composition
Art Monthly: Reviews two art exhibitions in England. "The Rudiments of Ornamental Composition" at the LOT art gallery in Bristol...
Animals as elements of ornamental composition | ÚĽUV - The Centre
Animals as elements of ornamental composition. by Oľga Danglová. Zoomorphic motifs were frequently represented in the folk decorative tradition of Slovakia. ...
NYPL Digital Gallery | Detail ID 819474
Ornamental composition, from a design by Le Pautre. Image ID: 819474. Ornamental composition, from a design by Le Pautre. (1910) ...
Unless otherwise noted, images this web site may be used for any purpose without prior permission.
Any material in the public domain found on this web site is not protected by copyright.
We make no representations or warranties with respect to ownership of copyrights in the images, and do not represent others who may claim to be authors or owners of copyright of any of the images, and make no warranties as to the quality of the images.
We shall not be responsible for any loss or expenses resulting from the use of the images, and you release and hold us harmless from all liability arising from such use.
We do not sell art prints, framed posters or reproductions. Ads are shown only to compensate the hosting expenses.