Georges-Pierre Seurat

View of Fort Samson

View of Fort Samson
(click image to zoom-in)
Author: Georges-Pierre Seurat
Landscape, Painting, Oil on canvas, 65x81.5 cm
Origin: France, 1885

In 1885, Seurat went to paint the sea, staying for several weeks at Grandcamp, a Normandy village on the coast of La Manche. Fort Samson was a fifteen-minute walk from Grandcamp. In placing the line of the horizon in this painting a little higher than the middle, Seurat attains a correlation between the earth and the sky that best expresses a feeling of tranquility. The motifs of Seurat's landscapes did not seem fundamentally new in comparison with the old Impressionists. But the differences in both mood and the application of paint, are enormous. While Monet and Renoir painted with brushstrokes which could be large or small, aimed at any direction, existing separately or merging with neighbouring strokes, the methods proposed by Seurat presupposed greater homogeneity and orderliness. His painting immediately begun to be called both divisionist, since it was based on separated brushstrokes, or poinillist, because the strokes were individual dots of paint. Most often, it was called Neo-Impressionist, because of its complex relationship with the art of Monet and Renoir.

Style: Post-Impressionism
Source of entry: formerly in the collection of Bernhard Koehler, Berlin
Exibition: French Painting: 19th - 20th centuries
Transferred from Germany after World War II

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